Python Strings (With Examples) – Programiz

In computer programming, a string is a sequence of characters. For example, “hello” is a string that contains a sequence of characters ‘h

‘, ‘e’, ‘l’, ‘l’, and ‘o’.

We use single quotes or double quotes to represent a string in Python. For example

, # create a string using double quotes string1 = “Python programming” # create a string using single quotes string1 = ‘Python programming’

Here, we have created a string variable called string1. The variable is initialized with the Python Programming string.

Example: Python String

# create string type variables name = “Python” print(name) message = “I love Python.” print(message)

Output

Python I love Python.

In the example above, we have created variables of type string: name and message with the values “Python” and “I love Python” respectively.

Here, we

have used double quotes to represent strings, but we can also use single quotation marks.

Accessing string characters in

Python

We can access the characters in a string in three ways

.

  • Indexing: One way is to treat strings as a list and use index values. For example

, greet = ‘hello’ # access 1st index element print(greet[1]) # “e”

  • Negative Indexing: Similar to a list, Python allows negative indexing for your strings. For example,

greet = ‘hello’ # access 4th last element print(greet[-4]) # “e”

  • Segmentation: Access a range of characters in a string using the colon cut operator:. For example

, greet = ‘Hello’ # access character from the 1st index to the 3rd index print(greet[1:4]) # “ell”

Note: If we try to access an index outside the range or use numbers that are not an integer, we will get errors

. Python strings are

immutable

In Python, strings are immutable. That means that the characters in a string cannot be changed. For example

, message = ‘Hello Friends’ message[0] = ‘H’ print(message)

Output

TypeError: Object ‘str’ does not support item mapping

However, we can assign the variable name to a new string. For example,

message = ‘Hello Friends’ # assign new string to message variable message = ‘Hello Friends’ prints(message); # prints “Hello friends” Python

Multiline String

We can also create a multiline string in Python. To do this, we use triple double quotation marks “”” or triple single quotation marks ”’. For

example, # multiline string message = “”” Will never give you up You’ll never be disappointed “”” Print (message)

Output You’ll

Never Give Up You’ll Never Be Disappointed In the

example above, anything inside the triple quotation marks that attach it is a multiline string.

Python

string

operations

There are many operations that can be performed with strings, making it one of the most commonly used data types in Python

.

1. Compare

two strings

We use the == operator to compare two strings. If two strings are equal, the operator returns True. Otherwise, it returns False. For

example, str1 = “Hello, world!” str2 = “I love Python”. str3 = “Hello, world!” # compare str1 and str2 print(str1 == str2) # compare str1 and str3 print(str1 == str3)

Output

False True

In the example above,

  • str1 and str2 are not equal. Therefore, the result is False.
  • STR1 and STR3 are the same. Therefore, the result is True.

Arabic numeral. Join

two or more strings In Python, we can join (

concatenate) two or more strings

using the + operator. greet = “Hello, ” name = “Jack” # using + result operator = greet + name print(result) # Output: Hello, Jack

In the example above, we used the + operator to join two strings: greet and name.

Iterate through a

Python string We can iterate through a string

using a for loop. For example

, greet = ‘Hello’ # iterating through greet string for letter in greet: print(letter)

Output

H e l l o Python

String Length

In Python, we use the len() method to find the length of a string. For example

, greet = ‘Hello’ # length of greet string count print(len(greet)) # Output: 5 String

membership

test

We can test whether a substring exists within a string or not, using the in keyword

. print(‘a’ in ‘program’) # True print(‘at’ not in ‘battle’) Fake Python string methods In addition

to

those mentioned above, there are several string methods present in Python. Here are some of those methods:

Escape sequences

in Python

The escape sequence is used to escape some of the characters present

within a string.

Suppose we need to include

double quotes and single quotes inside a string, example = “He said, “What’s there?”” print(example) # throws error

Since strings are represented by single or double quotes, the compiler will treat “He said, ” as the string. Therefore, the above code will cause an error.

To solve this problem, we use the escape character in Python.

# escape double quotes example = “He said, “What is there?”” # escape single quotes example = ‘He said, “What is there?”‘ print(example) # Output: He said, “What is there?”

Here is a list of all escape sequences supported by Python.

Python String Format

(f-Strings)

Python f strings make it easy to print values and variables. For example

, name = ‘Cathy’ country = ‘UK’ print(f'{name} is from {country}’)

Output

Cathy is from the United Kingdom Here, f'{name} is from

{country}’ is a string f

.

This new formatting syntax is powerful and easy to use. From now on, we will use f-Strings to print strings and variables.

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