Git Tutorial – Simplilearn

Topics

covered

These are the topics covered in the

Git Tutorial: What is Git? How to install Git on Windows? What is GitHub? Git

  • Git vs. GitHub Commands
  • What is GitLab
  • ?

  • Git Push commands Git pull commands
  • Git

  • interview questions
  • Why
  • learn

  • Git Tutorial?

  • Git

has become an essential part of the DevOps tool that allows programmers to track and work collaboratively on the same projects. This

Git tutorial will help you: Understand the scope of Git and

  • its future prospects
  • Learn about

  • the various commands used
  • in the Git repository

  • Step-by-step installation
  • for Git on Windows

  • Learn about the different ways to resolve merge conflicts in
  • Git

  • Create backups, branches, and support for
  • scalable development.

  • The role of Git is distributive development.

This Git

tutorial covers all aspects of the functions and features to help programmers leverage usage effectively

. The Git

application

Git has been used by organizations, governments, businesses, professionals, and even startups to manage their code, task assignment, and project management. These are the main applications of the Git platform.

Product Management

Git allows hundreds and thousands of developers to work on the same project. It is especially useful for integrating frequent customer feedback into the system and then updating the changes directly into the source code. Almost all major multinationals (Microsoft, Amazon, Facebook) have online product source codes in Git repositories.

Source Projects

Git has become a popular tool for IT experts, organizations, and major corporations to share their code with developers. Even today’s small and medium-sized IT organizations are using Git to manage their source code efficiently. Git also supports web standards (HTTP, FTP) to manage repositories seamlessly.

Real-time web apps

Git is a preferable choice for building real-time web apps and Android apps. With digitization, organizations have transformed their online procedures and offer real-time connectivity. Acting as a DevOps tool, Git enables continuous integration and development to improve team productivity.

One

of the

main features of the Git platform is to enable distributive development. Teams around the world are working on the same project and multitasking simultaneously. Git allows companies and organizations to work in a collaborative environment.

Several government organizations use GitHub to create, share, and manage procedures. Thus, it allows other organizations to request the source code and maintain a uniform software development cycle at multiple levels.

Deployment

across multiple

Git operating systems allows use of its platform across multiple operating systems such as macOS, Solaris Windows, Red Hat, Fedora, and many other Linux-based systems. Git is also used to develop the Linux kernel kernel and manage code efficiently.

  • JGit is a pure combination of the Java software library and the Git version control system. JGit has been successfully implemented in EGit (a comprehensive Git client for Eclipse), the Gerrit code review tool, and also powers many of these applications. JS-Git uses a specific JavaScript implementation, which is a subset of a Git.
  • Go-git is another robust combination of Git and pure Go. This Go-git is an open source implementation used to provide encryption and as a SQL interface for Git code repositories. Git also acts as an implementation of Dulwich for use in multiple versions of Python.
  • Libgit2 is

  • a specific implementation of Git with the ANSI C software library. Libgit2 does not depend on any particular operating system and is available on multiple platforms such as macOS, Windows, and BSD. Several programming languages such as Python, Haskell, and Ruby can run on this.

In this Git tutorial,

you’ll also learn about several deployment and use cases for large projects that benefit from this collaboration tool

.

Who should learn

Git?

With the DevOps culture prevalent in the IT industry globally, Git skills have become the mainstay for the field of software development. Especially for programmers, Git is a must-have skill for handling large projects efficiently.

Recent graduates and interested professionals looking to build a career in the field of information technology (IT) should take this Git tutorial to learn the basics of this advanced tool. Git skills are now part of the mandatory job skills for higher IT hierarchies. Aspirants looking for potential high-income jobs in major multinationals and corporate profiles can use this Git tutorial to improve their skills for better future opportunities.

Prerequisites

Git is a full-featured distributive release system for managing source changes during the software development procedure. Easy to learn, understand, and use, Git has become an essential part of the overall DevOps culture.

No special skills and experience are required for someone to start using Git in small- and medium-scale projects. The Git tool uses only a few basic commands to create and manage repositories. Users with little or no experience can learn this tool to scale their career in the right direction.

Especially for professionals interested in building a career in the software development and IT field, this Git tutorial can help you understand the distributive work environment for working on a large project

.

Git Tutorial: Table of Contents

1. What is Git: Features, commands, and workflow in

Git

In this Git tutorial, you will know all about this free open-source tool to handle, track, and manage files efficiently. The Git platform is available under the GNU license and is used to maintain past and current variants of web pages, source code, product code, etc.

Git has tracking management, non-linear development, allows backup, branching, merging, and supports a scalable environment. Commands for Git are present for creating repositories, parallel development, synchronizing repositories, and making changes. The Git workflow has three main parts: working to make changes to the directory, staging to check new code, and the Git directory to commit the latest changes to the platform.

2. What is GitHub and how to use it?

With over 40 million users and 100 million repositories, GitHub is one of the most widely used programming resources online. GitHub acts as a commercial Git repository hosting service that runs online with a web-based graphical user interface. GitHub is supported by the largest coding community and provides global exposure to its code. GitHub allows remote team members to work from any location with seamless collaboration.

3. How to install Git on Windows?

Git is a sophisticated source code management tool that allows developers to manage a large number of project files efficiently. You can install Git on Windows by downloading the software from the official website. Then, use commands to create a local repository that has seamless connectivity to the server repository. You can learn basic Git commands for push, pull, and combine to stay on track with many developers to complete the project on time.

4. Git

vs. Github: Important Differences

There is a big difference between the functionality of Git and GitHub. Git is an open source tool, free distributive version and completely free. Git offers a desktop GUI and server connectivity for developers to work on their local system and then submit their code to merge on the remote or central server. G

On the other hand, GitHub is a genuine web-based hosting solution for Git repositories. GitHub provides all the features of Git, along with more collaborative features like project management, bug tracking, and support ticket management. Learn the Git tutorial to find out more!

5. What is GitLab and how to use it?

GitLab acts as a central solution provider to offer Git repositories with both free and paid versions. GitLab allows teams to share their work across multiple projects, monitor source code, and create more optimized software.

GitLab improves team productivity and improves product lifecycles to bring more value to customers. GitLab is a comprehensive DevOps platform that makes it easier to manage projects, control user permissions, and enjoy more features at a minimal price each month.

6

. Git Push Command

The push command is one of the main commands of the Git distributed file system. The push command allows changes to local repositories to be passed to either the online server or the remote repository. Once changes are completed in the local repository, a user can use this push command to make these changes available globally in the Git repository. Learn now all the procedures for the Git push command in the Git tutorial.

7

. Git Pull Command

The Pull command is an essential command on the Git platform. Allows users to get and merge their code modifications from the central remote repository to their local repository. The ‘Git pull’ command is a two-command sequence with ‘Git fetch’ to get the remote repository, followed by ‘Git merge’ to merge multiple commits into a single branch. You can also check out the different commands used in the Git Pull procedure in this Git tutorial, along with step-by-step instructions for retrieving files from the online repository.

8. How to resolve

to merge conflicts in Git? In this Git

tutorial, you will learn the different ways to merge the conflict that arises in the conflicting Git state. The merger can enter a conflicting state under two conditions. First of all, when starting the merging process due to the still pending changes in the branches. Second, during the merge process, when there are still conflicts between the local and server branches that need to be merged.

9. Git Interview

Q&A

Git plays a crucial role in adapting to DevOps procedures within any organization. Git provides collaboration features for task management, bug tracking, wikis, project management, etc.

This Git tutorial

provides a step-by-step guide and the top Git interview questions and answers for basic, intermediate, and advanced levels. Prepared by industry experts, these questions will help you understand the different aspects of Git and its practical applications. Especially for software development professionals, Git is an essential part of their job responsibilities and can help them get higher positions in multinationals and corporations.

Git for your IT career

Today, Git is one of the most popular distributive version control systems and an essential part of the DevOps culture that organizations are looking to implement into their operations. Git skills are now part of the job description in various IT professional hierarchies. For programmers, especially knowing this DevOps tool is a must. You can learn more about Git architecture, branching and cloning, contributors, commands, features, workflow, and merge conflicts in the next lessons to understand the fundamentals of this DevOps tool. This Git tutorial offers several demo presentations and using live commands to create repositories, project management, etc.

You can also enroll in the DevOps Engineer master’s program to learn more about Git fundamentals and learn the principles of continuous development, agility, team collaboration, and using multiple DevOps tools like Git, Jenkins, Docker, etc.

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